Post Comment(s) Constable Anisur Rehman was attacked with bombs twice. He retaliated with a non-lethal PAG gun when the smugglers were hurling bombs at him near the Angrail border post in the North 24 Parganas district around 3:30 am.According to a BSF officer, a group of cattle smugglers had entered 200 metres inside the Indian side to smuggle cattle into Bangladesh.“The smugglers were equipped with sharp weapons and bombs. Rehman fired from his non-lethal gun and they attacked him with two bombs. He suffered pellet injuries to his legs, lungs and stomach due to the impact of bombs. They then hurled another bomb which directly hit his right hand,” said a BSF officer. Advertising Advertising By Express News Service |Kolkata | Published: July 12, 2019 4:03:20 am BSF recruitment 2019: Last day to apply for 1072 head constable vacancies tomorrow West Bengal: BSF steps up vigil after jawan injured in smugglers’ attack; 150 bovines seized J&K: Suspected Pakistani intruder shot dead by BSF personnel Constable Anisur Rehman was attacked with bombs twice. He retaliated with a non-lethal PAG gun when the smugglers were hurling bombs at him (Representational)A Border Security Force (BSF) constable lost his right hand and was severely injured while trying to intercept a group of 25 cattle smugglers in Bangoan near Indo-Bangladesh border early on Thursday. The jawan suffered grievous injuries and he fell unconscious. Reinforcement troops controlled the situation. The smugglers, however, escaped to the other side taking advantage of darkness and tall grass.“The BSF has directed all its formations in the south Bengal frontier area to adopt an aggressive posture against trans-border criminals and thwart their sinister designs. Such attacks on BSF troops are taking place quite often,” read a BSF statement.A smuggler is also suspected to have been injured in the firing by the jawan, a senior official told PTI.On Wednesday, the border guarding force had repulsed an attack by about 200 Bangladeshi cattle smugglers and seized 107 buffaloes along the Indo-Bangla border in Murshidabad district of the state. Related News
Cabinet asks finance panel to consider securing funds for defence State broadcaster China Central Television aired footage Tuesday of Lam denouncing the demonstrators and video of police riding in to secure the building. A website run by the Communist Party’s nationalist Global Times said the chaos “disrupted public order and challenges the rule of law.”It’s a narrative that challenges some of China’s external critics, leading to an usually public war of words with the U.K., which has usually prioritized smooth relations with Beijing since returning Hong Kong. Prime Minister Theresa May told Parliament she was “shocked” by the scenes of violence and, after Chinese Ambassador to London Liu Xiaoming accused the British government of meddling, summoned him to the Foreign Office to explain.U.K. Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt urged Chinese President Xi Jinping to “let it be” and not apply new pressure to Hong Kong, while his rival to succeed May as Conservative Party leader, former Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson, told Reuters that he stood with the city’s residents “every inch of the way.”“The U.K. government chose to stand on the wrong side, it has made inappropriate remarks, not only to interfere in the internal affairs of Hong Kong but also to back up the violent lawbreakers,” Liu said in a televised statement Wednesday. He also said Britain has tried to “obstruct” Hong Kong authorities from “bringing the criminals to justice, which is utter interference in Hong Kong’s rule of law.” The Chinese government has taken a increasingly firm line against both perceived meddling and the more radical protesters. The foreign ministry and the Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office have denounced the protesters who stormed the legislature as “extremists.”On Tuesday, Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang described Western criticisms as “an ugly act of hypocrisy” while warning countries to choose their words and actions carefully. From the outset of the protests, Beijing has obliquely hinted at the role of “foreign interference” in instigating unrest.In the long run, “it is hard to see a happy ending to this impasse,” Simon Pritchard, global research director at Gavekal, wrote in a note. Hong Kong tourism, hotel occupancy falls as protests drag on Hong Kong protesters, police clash as demonstrations target Chinese traders Advertising Thousands of people demonstrate peacefully outside City Hall in Hong Kong (Lam Yik Fei/The New York Times)After a week of turbulence in Hong Kong, Beijing appears to have settled on its message to the city: continued protests risk throwing away everything that makes it special. More Explained Historic protests erupted in recent months over Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam’s decision to push ahead with a controversial bill that would allow extraditions to the mainland, alarming locals and spooking the local business community. The ransacking of the legislature came on the anniversary of the 1997 handover, as tens of thousands of people marched peacefully in a separate annual protest that passed near the complex.On Wednesday, Hong Kong-based broadcaster TVB said police arrested at least 13 people in relation to the occupation of the complex. Dozens more suspects had been identified and a wave of further arrests was expected in “the near future,” The South China Morning Post newspaper reported Thursday, citing unidentified people in law enforcement.“The protesters now risk losing the moral high ground. This could be a turning point,” said Wang Huiyao, an adviser to China’s cabinet and founder of the Center for China and Globalization. “The violence could destroy their credibility, and it will be hard for anyone in the West to defend. They will also alienate people who supported the movement.” Demonstrators march past the U.S. Consulate in Hong Kong (Lam Yik Fei/The New York Times)Party Narrative Advertising By Bloomberg | Published: July 4, 2019 10:08:02 am Clashes break out as Hong Kong protesters escalate fight in suburbs After Masood Azhar blacklisting, more isolation for Pakistan A front-page editorial in the Communist Party’s flagship newspaper, the People’s Daily, blasted the protesters who stormed the city’s Legislative Council on Monday as “extremists” whose actions threaten to hinder economic and social development and “ruin Hong Kong’s reputation as an international business metropolis.”The comments play into a widespread anxiety among Hong Kong residents: that the former British colony risks irrelevance as it is swallowed up by an increasingly wealthy and powerful China. Beijing is using this week’s unrest to put its own spin on events, sending protesters the message that their actions are more likely to speed up than slow down that trend.State media has presented Hong Kong as a city on the brink. “As the global economic landscape undergoes profound adjustments and international competition becomes increasingly fierce, Hong Kong faces great challenges and cannot afford flux or internal attrition,” the People’s Daily said. Taking stock of monsoon rain “On the Hong Kong side, the student holidays will end and the pragmatism that characterizes most of the population may persuade all but a hard core of protesters to back away,” Pritchard said. “If something like this does play out, it will be a fragile truce until the next big challenge to Hong Kong’s way of life comes around.” Karnataka trust vote today: Speaker’s call on resignations, says SC, but gives rebel MLAs a shield Best Of Express Post Comment(s) Related News Advertising
In undecided Congress, first open call for Priyanka: She should be party chief Top News Advertising Written by AMIT SHARMA | Meerut | Updated: July 15, 2019 5:17:50 am According to the FIR filed at Doghat police station in Baghpat, cleric Imlakur Rehman Ali, a resident of Jola village of Budhana in Muzzafarnagar district, was returning home on a motorbike after teaching students at a mosque in Sardhana, Meerut, on Saturday evening when he was forcibly stopped by around 10 youngsters near Sarora village in Baghpat district.“They removed the cap from my head and pulled me down by holding my beard. They forced me to repeatedly say ‘Jai Sri Ram’ with them and warned me against taking the same route again. And if I dared to come back, I should remove my beard before entering into their territory,” Ali was quoted as saying in the FIR.“We have lodged an FIR based on a written complaint given to Doghat police by the victim. We are investigating the veracity of the allegations. We also have a video of the incident in which it is clear that no one forced the victim to chant Jai Sri Ram. Prima facie, it appears that someone has pre-scripted the content of the complaint to give the incident a communal colour,” Deputy Superintendent of Police (Ramala) Anuj Kumar Chaudhary said. No arrests have been made in the case, so far. (Photo for representational purpose)A 30-year-old Muslim cleric was allegedly beaten up and forced to chant ‘Jai Shri Ram’ near Sarora village on Meerut-Karnal highway in Baghpat on Saturday evening. Though police have lodged an FIR against 10 unidentified persons for rioting and criminal intimidation, they said that a purported video of the alleged incident shows that “no one forced the victim to chant Jai Sri Ram”. NRC deadline approaching, families stranded in Assam floods stay home Karnataka: SC to rule today, says Speaker’s powers need relook Advertising Police also said that two residents of Sardhana — Suhail and Nadim Khan — had come to Ali’s rescue and took the cleric to Doghat police station.“We have lodged the FIR against 10 unidentified persons.The FIR has been lodged under IPC sections 147 (rioting), 341(wrongful restraint), 504 (intentional insult with intent to provoke breach of peace), 506 (criminal intimidation) and 323 (voluntarily causing hurt),” said Ramesh Singh Siddu, the in-charge of Doghat police station.No arrests have been made in the case, so far. Post Comment(s)
Vivian Zhang is CTO and chief data scientist for the NYC Data Science Academy.In this exclusive interview, Zhang traces her journey from passionate open source activist to data science training evangelist. Vivian Zhang, Chief Data ScientistNYC Data Science AcademyTechNewsWorld: What is the mission of the NYC Data Science Academy, and why is it an important institution?Vivian Zhang: We teach data scientists. We train companies and their employees, since we believe it’s important to understand and benefit from the data. We excel in data science consulting, and we encourage our clients to train their team to do the work.That’s why we do a lot of corporate and individual training. We offer live-streaming and recorded video format, and we also offer training in person in New York City. Teaching is very fulfilling. We have helped about 1,300 part-time students and 300 full-time students to advance their careers.TNW: What is your role with the NYC Data Science Academy?Zhang: I’m in charge of the technical side of things — coming up with the prototypes to enable our clients to understand data science. Every quarter we’re updating content, and we’re trying to be innovative and creative. We want to challenge traditional data analysis methods, and we want to inspire other people to do a better job with data analytics. Traditionally people use a lot of closed-source software, but we’re focusing on the open source world. Millions of people are contributing to those projects now. People are increasingly moving toward open source. The iteration and the enthusiasm of the community surpasses anything you can see in the closed-source community.TNW: What inspired you to do the work you’re doing with the academy?Zhang: I was a volunteer in the open source community for 10 years. That’s initially how I started a consulting business, because I’m so passionate about it. The school is a coincidence. I taught data science in my meet-up group, and it grew quickly, since companies wanted training for their employees. I never thought I would become a teacher.TNW: What are some of the most significant current trends in the field of data science?Zhang: The big problem is that the industry does not have official data science training. Their majors don’t teach them anything in the industry. We’ve become a natural transition funnel to bring those people in.Companies know that data science is important, but they don’t know how to do it. So we help to train and select and qualify the candidates. The field changes so fast, and there are changes happening every day. That’s why we’re trying to keep up and educate our candidates.Universities will eventually offer it, but students are still not taught what the industry needs. At the university, you have to have your curriculum approved a year ahead, so naturally you’re always behind. It’s not in the university’s genes to teach the most up-to-date content.I think that it is the future for continuing education. College education is very important. People need to go to college to understand who they are, but in order to get hands-on experience, you need an institution like us. To learn really useful skills, you need to go through other entities.TNW: What advice would you give young people, especially girls and women, who want to get into data science?Zhang: Data science is great — but to begin with, kids need to learn math, coding and accounting. That way they can manage their own finances and also understand the theoretical framework of the field. Girls are less encouraged to go into science, but if they don’t learn the difficult things, they’ll never advance. It’s better to do the difficult things early.TNW: What challenges have you faced as a woman in a tech field, and how have you overcome them?Zhang: Most people I run into are very friendly, but I also see challenges, in that it can be difficult to earn trust and respect. I would suggest people should work hard. We reach out to women. We do a lot of talks toward women at universities. We’re always giving people information who want to know more about this field.TNW: What’s in the future for the academy? How is it evolving?Zhang: We’re consistently seeing growth every year. The next big step is to really grow our online training. Right now, we have clients from around the world, and we want to make it a better experience so people feel like they’re learning in person.Next year we’re forming partnerships in China, and in the U.S. we are building a huge network of over 10,000 data scientists to offer mentorship and consulting to people to help them move forward with their new careers. Vivian Wagner has been an ECT News Network reporter since 2008. Her main areas of focus are technology, business, CRM, e-commerce, privacy, security, arts, culture and diversity. She has extensive experience reporting on business and technology for a varietyof outlets, including The Atlantic, The Establishment and O, The Oprah Magazine. She holds a PhD in English with a specialty in modern American literature and culture. She received a first-place feature reporting award from the Ohio Society of Professional Journalists.Email Vivian.
Source:https://www.helsinki.fi/en/news/health-news/breastfeeding-protects-infants-from-antibiotic-resistant-bacteria Reviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)Oct 15 2018A new study from the University of Helsinki shows that babies that are breastfed for at least six months have less antibiotic-resistant bacteria in their gut compared with infants breastfed for a shorter time. In addition, antibiotic use by mothers increases the number of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in infants.A recent study completed at the University of Helsinki investigated the amount and quality of bacteria resistant to antibiotics in breast milk and the gut of mother-infant pairs, resulting in three findings.First, infants who were breastfed for at least six months had a smaller number of resistant bacteria in their gut than babies who were breastfed for a shorter period or not at all. In other words, breastfeeding seemed to protect infants from such bacteria.Second, antibiotic treatment of mothers during delivery increased the amount of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the infant gut. This effect was still noticeable six months after delivery and the treatment.The third finding, meanwhile, was that breast milk also contains bacteria resistant to antibiotics, and that the mother is likely to pass these bacteria on to the child through milk. Nevertheless, breastfeeding reduced the number of resistant bacteria in the infant gut, an indication of the benefits of breastfeeding for infants.The findings were published in the journal Nature Communications.Bacteria Resistant To Antibiotics Found In Breast MilkThe increasingly frequent occurrence of bacteria resistant to antibiotics is among the greatest global threats to human health. According to estimates by previous research, bacteria and other micro-organisms resistant to antibiotics and other drugs will, by 2050, cause more deaths than cancer, since infections can no longer be effectively treated.Microbiologist Katariina Pärnänen of the University of Helsinki’s Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry investigated with her colleagues the breast milk and faecal matter of 16 mother-infant pairs. The DNA in the milk and faeces was sequenced, or its genetic code was decoded. However, the study did not focus on the mother’s DNA found in milk. Rather, the researchers focused on the bacterial DNA and genes in the milk. They created the most extensive DNA sequence library of breast milk thus far.The specific focus of the study was the number of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). Such genes make bacteria resistant to certain antibiotics, and they are often able to transfer between bacteria. Individual bacteria can have several antibiotic resistance genes, making them resistant to more than one antibiotic.The study demonstrated for the first time that breast milk indeed contains a significant number of genes that provide antibiotic resistance for bacteria, and that these genes, as well as their host bacteria, are most likely transmitted to infants in the milk. Mothers transmit antibiotic-resistant bacteria residing in their own gut to their progeny in other ways as well, for example through direct contact. Yet, only some of the resistant bacteria found in infants originated in their mothers. The rest were likely from the environment and other individuals.The study does, however, support the notion that breastfeeding overall is beneficial for infants. Although breast milk contains bacteria resistant to antibiotics, sugars in the milk provide sustenance to beneficial infant gut bacteria, such as Bifidobacteria, which are used as probiotics. Breast milk helps such useful bacteria gain ground from resistant pathogens, which is probably why infants who were nursed for at least six months have less antibiotic-resistant bacteria in their gut compared to infants who were nursed for a shorter period.”As a general rule, it could be said that all breastfeeding is for the better,” says Pärnänen.”The positive effect of breastfeeding was identifiable also in infants who were given formula in addition to breast milk. Partial breastfeeding already seemed to reduce the quantity of bacteria resistant to antibiotics. Another finding was that nursing should be continued for at least the first six months of a child’s life or even longer. We have already known that breastfeeding is all in all healthy and good for the baby, but we now discovered that it also reduces the number of bacteria resistant to antibiotics.”Related StoriesRaw meat can act as reservoir for bacteria associated with hospital infectionsBacteria in the birth canal linked to lower risk of ovarian cancerMultifaceted intervention for acute respiratory infection improves antibiotic-prescribingAntibiotic Use By Mother Impacts the ChildWomen can be prescribed an intravenous antibiotic treatment during labour for various reasons, for example if they have tested positive for Streptococcus, a bacterium hazardous to infants. In such cases, antibiotic treatment is intended to prevent the transmission of bacteria living in the birth canal to the infant during delivery. Antibiotic treatment can also be used if the mother’s waters have broken long before labour begins, or if potential infection is otherwise suspected.However, the study indicated that the antibiotic treatment of the mother increases the number of bacteria resistant to antibiotics in the infant’s gut. While the study did not demonstrate why this happens, according to one theory, the bacteria that first reach the infant gut gain a head start. Since antibiotics administered to the mother eliminate all bacteria except those resistant to the drug, in such deliveries the mother is likely to pass mainly resistant bacteria on to her child.”We cannot advise that mothers should not be given antibiotics during delivery,” says Pärnänen.”The consequences of infection for both mother and infant are potentially serious. What we can state is our findings, and physicians can use them to consider whether practices should be changed or not.”However, antibiotic treatment administered during delivery is only one of all the antibiotic courses taken by mothers at some point in their life that may impact the gut microbiota of infants.The bacterial flora in our gut changes every time we take antibiotics. Antibiotics kill both good and bad bacteria, leaving alive only those bacteria that are resistant to the antibiotic in question. These bacteria may gain a permanent foothold in the gut, even though most of the other bacteria will return soon after the antibiotic treatment as well.Since the mother transmits bacteria resistant to antibiotics to the infant, all of the antibiotic courses taken by the mother in her life may also affect the bacterial flora of the infant’s gut and the prevalence of resistant bacteria in the gut.One of the Major Global Health ThreatsBacteria resistant to antibiotics are everywhere. They are present in the human gut, regardless of whether a person has taken antibiotics. They are transmitted between individuals in the same way as bacteria, viruses and other micro-organisms usually are: through, for example, direct contact and in food.All resistant bacteria do not cause diseases and, thus, do not as such harm their carriers. In suitable conditions, however, such bacteria can either induce the onset of a disease or transfer the gene that provides antibiotic resistance to another bacterial pathogen.Because such bacteria cannot be killed with antibiotics, and because the immune system of infants is weak, infections caused by resistant bacteria can be fatal to infants. In Finland, where Pärnänen is based, babies die of such infections only rarely. Yet prior studies show that, globally, more than 200,000 newborns die annually of infections, caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria, that have advanced to the stage of sepsis.”Babies inherit every facet of antibiotic misuse since the discovery of antibiotics,” notes Pärnänen.”The amount of bacteria resistant to antibiotics in the infant gut is alarming, since infants are also otherwise vulnerable to diseases. Babies are more likely to suffer from this than adults, even if the babies have never been given antibiotics.”Health problems originating in resistant bacteria are accrued by those with weak immunity. Infants and the elderly are in particular danger. Since the defence system of infants is yet to reach the efficiency of adult immunity, small children often need antibiotics to recover from diseases, which makes antibiotic inefficiency more dangerous to children.
This article was reprinted from khn.org with permission from the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Kaiser Health News, an editorially independent news service, is a program of the Kaiser Family Foundation, a nonpartisan health care policy research organization unaffiliated with Kaiser Permanente. Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Nov 19 2018As Americans prepare to cook and consume nearly 50 million turkeys on Thanksgiving Day, an ongoing outbreak of salmonella poisoning linked to the poultry means food safety at home is more critical than ever. Federal health officials have identified no single source of the outbreak of Salmonella Reading, which has sickened at least 164 people in 35 states during the past year.As of Nov. 5, the bacterial strain has led to 63 hospitalizations and, in California, one death.Many who fell ill reported preparing or eating such products as ground turkey, turkey parts and whole birds. Some had pets who ate raw turkey pet food; others worked at turkey processing plants or lived with someone who did.Late Thursday, Jennie-O Turkey Store Sales LLC of Barron, Wis., recalled more than 91,000 pounds of raw ground turkey products that may be connected to the illnesses.There is no U.S. requirement that turkeys or other poultry be free of salmonella — including antibiotic-resistant strains like the one tied to the outbreak — so prevention falls largely to consumers.That means acknowledging that the Thanksgiving turkey you lug home from the grocery store is likely contaminated, said Jennifer Quinlan, an associate professor in the Nutrition Sciences Department at Drexel University.”They absolutely should assume there’s a pathogen,” she said.Last year, right after the holiday season, Quinlan and her colleagues surveyed more than 1,300 U.S. consumers about their turkey-handling habits. Most, they found, fail to follow safe practices, despite decades of public health warnings.Ninety percent of those surveyed washed raw birds in the sink, even though that can spread dangerous bacteria. Fifty-seven percent reported always or sometimes stuffing a turkey before cooking instead of baking dressing separately, and 77 percent said they left a cooked bird in a warm oven or at room temperature.Such practices can allow the growth not only of salmonella but other bad bugs, such as campylobacter and Clostridium perfringens, she said.”All of these illnesses could have been prevented. There’s either cross-contamination going on in the home, or there’s not thorough cooking.”Other experts contend that simply telling consumers to handle food properly is unfair and ineffective. Regulators and industry should be responsible for preventing contamination in the first place.”They ought to be going after these guys like gangbusters,” said Carl Custer, a food safety microbiology consultant who spent decades at the U.S. Department of Agriculture. “This is a seriously virulent strain.”This month, Custer renewed calls for pathogenic strains of salmonella to be declared “adulterants” in poultry, which would require the USDA to test products and recall those contaminated with the bacteria.The USDA classified E. coli O157:H7 as an adulterant in ground beef after the deadly 1993 Jack in the Box hamburger outbreak. After that, the rate of those E. coli infections plummeted. Since then, the agency has named six additional strains as adulterants in certain beef products.Related StoriesHighlights and key takeaways from the 2019 Boston Bacterial Meeting (BBM)Flying insects in hospitals harbor pathogenic bacteriaCornell scientists discover new ‘jumping’ superbug geneEfforts to ban drug-resistant salmonella from meat and poultry have stalled, however, despite years of demands from consumer advocacy groups and lawmakers.In February, USDA officials rejected a 2014 petition from the group Center for Science in the Public Interest to declare certain strains of drug-resistant salmonella to be adulterants, saying the group failed to distinguish strongly enough between resistant and non-resistant salmonella.In 2015, Democratic congresswomen Rosa DeLauro of Connecticut and New York’s Louise Slaughter introduced a bill that would have defined resistant and dangerous salmonella as adulterants and given USDA new power to test and recall tainted meat, poultry and eggs. It was not enacted.”It’s very hard to get attention to food safety issues in this current political climate,” said Sarah Sorscher, CSPI’s deputy director of regulatory affairs.Outside observers said there’s little political will for taking on the nearly $5 billion-a-year U.S. turkey industry, as well as regulators.”I don’t see a lot of traction for making it an adulterant right now,” said Kirk Smith, director of the Minnesota Integrated Food Safety Center of Excellence.”Salmonella is still common enough that it would be hugely impractical and costly to make it an adulterant,” he added. “It would double the cost of poultry.”In a sharply worded statement, USDA officials refused to publicly name the producers, suppliers and brands linked to the turkey outbreak, saying it would be “grossly irresponsible and reckless” when no definite source of illness has been identified.Because the outbreak strain of salmonella has been found at turkey-processing plants, in workers and in a wide range of food products, it will take a broad effort to detect and eradicate the source, said Smith, the Minnesota food safety expert.”It should be a whole-system approach, starting with controls on the farm, all the way through to educating consumers as best we can,” he said.
Source:https://news.umich.edu/parents-take-a-timeout-before-you-force-your-child-to-apologize/ Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Nov 27 2018Parents who force unremorseful kids to apologize to others before they’re truly sorry may do more harm than good.That’s because the point main point of an apology–to express remorse and repair relationships–is lost because children may dislike the apologizer even more after the insincere apology than before. Children know when you mean you’re truly sorry.The new study from the University of Michigan looked at whether children distinguish between willingly given and coerced expressions of remorse–and they do. The findings suggest that exploring ways to help your child learn to have empathy for the victim, thus ensuring a sincere apology, is more constructive than immediately coercing a reluctant “I’m sorry.”Related StoriesRevolutionary gene replacement surgery restores vision in patients with retinal degenerationNew therapeutic food boosts key growth-promoting gut microbes in malnourished childrenResearch reveals genetic cause of deadly digestive disease in children”Make sure the child understands why the other person feels bad, and make sure the child is really ready to say ‘I’m sorry.’ Then have them apologize,” said study author Craig Smith, a research investigator at the U-M Center for Human Growth and Development.”Coercing your child to apologize is going to backfire. Other kids don’t view that apologizer as likable. The teachable element of having the child apologize has gone away and the goal of the apology prompt–to help your child express remorse, soothe someone else’s hurt feelings and make your child more likable–is lost.”Smith and colleagues looked at how children ages 4-9 viewed three types of apology scenarios among peers: unprompted apologies, prompted but willingly given apologies, and coerced apologies.They found that kids viewed willing apologies the same, whether prompted or unprompted by adults. But the coerced apologies weren’t seen as effective, especially by the 7-to-9-year-olds, Smith said.All children viewed the transgressors as feeling worse after the apology than before, but the 7-to-9-year-old children thought the coerced apologizers’ bad feelings were rooted in self-interest (concern about punishment, for example), rather than remorse.And, children of all ages thought the victims felt better after receiving a willing apology, but they saw the recipient of the forced apology as feeling worse than the recipients of the willing apologies.How can parents help their young children respond with empathy after they’ve upset another person, and ultimately deliver a willing apology?”When your child is calm, help them see how the other person is feeling, and why,” Smith said. “An apology is one way to do it, but there are lots of ways. Research shows that even preschoolers value it when a wrongdoer makes amends with action. Sometimes this is more powerful than words.”