Energy and ozone fluxes over sea ice

first_imgWe present surface layer measurements made over Hudson Bay seaice during February/March 2008 from the COBRA (Impact of combined iodine and bromine release on the Arctic atmosphere) experiment which formed part of the International OASIS (Ocean-Atmosphere-SeaIce-Snowpack) IPY programme. All components of the local surface energy balance were measured and it was defined by net radiative cooling throughout most of the day, mainly balanced by the conductive heat flux from the warmer sea water to the cooler seaice at the surface, and a small net radiative warming for a few hours after midday. Unique ground-level ozonefluxes were measured by eddy covariance and deposition velocities ranged from +0.5 mm s−1 (deposition) to −1.5 mm s−1 (emission). Ozone profile measurements suggested ozoneflux divergence within the surface layer. The observed bi-directional fluxes and flux divergence with height reveal the complexity of surface ozonefluxes in the Arctic spring time surface layer, and show that ozone exchange with the seaice surface is best probed using the eddy covariance method alongside frequent or continuous profile measurements. In this study, the local in-situ ozone-halogen photochemistry was identified as weakly controlling the measured ozoneflux, whereas horizontal advection and vertical mixing were considered more important in influencing fluxes. Under these conditions, several measurement sites would be desirable in order to quantify the contribution of advection to the local surface exchange.last_img read more

Russia, India to Talk Over INS Vikramaditya in October, Russian Defense Minister Says

first_img View post tag: October September 25, 2012 Authorities View post tag: India View post tag: says Back to overview,Home naval-today Russia, India to Talk Over INS Vikramaditya in October, Russian Defense Minister Says View post tag: Defense View post tag: Navy Delivery of aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya to India will be discussed by representatives of both countries early in October…[mappress]Source: Russian Navy, September 25, 2012; Image: Flot View post tag: INS View post tag: News by topiccenter_img View post tag: Minister View post tag: over View post tag: Naval View post tag: Russia View post tag: talk Russia, India to Talk Over INS Vikramaditya in October, Russian Defense Minister Says View post tag: Russian View post tag: Vikramaditya Share this articlelast_img read more


first_imgFacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailShare We hope that today’s “Readers Forum” will provoke honest and open dialogue concerning issues that we, as responsible citizens of this community, need to address in a rational and responsible way?HERE’S WHAT ON ON MIND TODAY:The revelation that Evansville City Controller Russ Lloyd Jr., CPA hasn’t paid $369,000 in Victory Theater bills for 2017 has really got the attention of many people?  …It will be interesting to learn just how many other actions of financial trickery are being pulled by the City of Evansville to conceal other losses and shift financial burdens?WHATS ON YOUR MIND TODAY?Todays“Readers Poll” question Is:  Do you feel that Evansville is headed in the right direction?Please take time and read our articles entitled “STATEHOUSE Files, CHANNEL 44 NEWS, LAW ENFORCEMENT, READERS POLL, BIRTHDAYS, HOT JOBS” and “LOCAL SPORTS”.  You now are able to subscribe to get the CCO daily.If you would like to advertise on the CCO please contact us [email protected]last_img read more

News story: April tax changes 2019: changes for you

first_imgFuel duty will remain frozen for the ninth year in a rowIt will remain at 57.95 pence per litre across the UK. Fuel duty has been frozen for the ninth successive year, saving the average car driver £1,000. Make sure you are being paid the right amount. Find out how NEA can help you start your own business. Access to Work is increasing by an extra £2,000 per yearFrom 1 April 2019 people will be able to claim up to £59,200 annually through the Access to Work scheme to help pay for additional support that they may need in the workplace. This can include workplace adaptations, assistive technology, transport and interpreters. Check how much income tax you should pay over the year. New Enterprise Allowance has been extendedThe New Enterprise Allowance provides mentoring, support and funding for benefit claimants to get their business ideas off the ground. Over 120,000 businesses have been launched though the NEA since 2011 and from April funding will continue for another 2 years with 30,000 new mentoring places available. Find out how Access to Work can benefit you. Find out about business rates relief.center_img Learn more about the Universal Credit work allowance increase. Small retailers will get business rates reliefSmall retailers will get one third off their business rates bills, this is part of more than £13 billion of rates relief since 2016. The Universal Credit work allowance is increasing by an extra £1,000 per year.From April, working parents and disabled people will be able to earn an extra £1,000 a year before their Universal Credit starts to reduce. This change will see 2.4 million families keep up to an extra £630 per year of what they earn. Tax changes which come into effect in April will mean 32 million people in the UK see their income tax bill cut compared to 2015-16. This summary lets you know where you can find more information about each of the tax changes.The National Living Wage is going up to £8.21 an hourIf you are aged 25 and over, and not in your first year of an apprenticeship, you are legally entitled to at least the National Living Wage. Those under 25 and apprentices also benefit from rises in the Minimum Wage. The National Living Wage and National Minimum Wage rates apply across the UK. Find out more about tax on fuel. The Personal Allowance is going up to £12,500You don’t have to pay income tax on the income you earn below this amount. As a result of the change, a typical basic-rate taxpayer will take home £130 more than in 2018-19.last_img read more

Changes at Gutman Library

first_imgIf you haven’t seen the Harvard Graduate School of Education’s (HGSE) Gutman Library in recent months, you might not recognize it. The building has been refashioned into a thriving community space with areas dedicated to both studying and socializing.“It’s really become the intellectual and social heart of the School,” said HGSE head librarian John Collins.Last fall, the library began a major renovation of its first and second floors. Roughly 80,000 library volumes, almost a third of its collection and consisting largely of older journals that had been digitized, were transferred to the Harvard Depository to free up space for the reconfiguration.The move allowed several administrative offices and the library’s circulation desk to be shifted to the building’s second floor, where new study spaces and conference rooms were also added.Meanwhile, in keeping with the aim of HGSE Dean Kathleen McCartney to further enhance a central meeting place for the campus, the library’s first floor has been transformed, in essence, into the School’s living room, a community and social space that fosters interaction and intellectual engagement.The area includes several new lounges that are outfitted with three fireplaces, as well as a large café and an adjoining garden room with expansive windows.Modern pieces of furniture that are a nod to form and function fill the renovated spaces. Cozy chairs of various sizes and shapes, and couches and new tables that can be easily reconfigured to create study areas populate much of the first floor. Additionally, the student affairs offices, which were once located across the street in Longfellow Hall, are also now in renovated offices on the first floor.During an inauguration ceremony in late March, HGSE master’s candidate Miguel Solis, who was studying education policy and management, said, “This area creates much more of a community vibe.” Pointing to the reworked first-floor space, he added, “When you walk in here, it’s vibrant … you see all of these people working, and you are motivated to want to do more work. … But it also opens up opportunities to just meet new people, [and] it makes you feel a part of something.”“This is still the library,” said McCartney during the inauguration ceremony, adding that the renovation was one of the most fun projects she has taken on as dean. “Many, I think, of the best libraries are becoming town squares,” she said, “and that is what the first floor of Gutman has always been, and I think it’s going to continue in that vein.”Architect Baker Design Group Inc. created the new library plan.last_img read more

Outdoor Updates: Evy Leibfarth of Bryson City, NC earns the U.S. two spots in the 2020 Olympics

first_imgLeibfarth runs the Sava River during the World Cup in Tacen, Slovenia. / Photo by Jean Folger. Read more about Leibfarth in our September Issue Evy Leibfarth, 15, of Bryson City, NC, has earned the United States a spot to compete for gold in both the slalom kayak and the slalom canoe events at the 2020 Olympics in Tokyo. The teen secured the U.S. spot in the slalom kayak while competing at the senior International Canoe Federation Slalom Canoe World Championships in La Seu d’Urgell, Spain on September 27. On September 29, Leibfarth went on to make history by becoming the youngest and first American woman to qualify the U.S. for a spot in slalom canoe at the Olympics.  Leibfarth has been a part of the paddling community nearly all of her life. “I practically grew up at the Nantahala Outdoor Center,” she told Blue Ridge Outdoors in August. Leibfarth’s parents, both accomplished paddlers, introduced their daughter to the sport at a young age. Her father, U.S. national team coach Lee Leibfarth, acts as her coach.  Paddling sensation Evy Leibfarth of Bryson City, NC earns the U.S. two spots in the 2020 Olympics Because slalom kayak and slalom canoe are relatively small sports, International Canoe Federation rules indicate that only the top 18 countries can earn a spot in slalom kayak at the Olympic games and only the top 11 countries can qualify for a spot to compete for a medal in the slalom canoe. Thanks to Leibfarth’s speedy times, the U.S. will compete in both events. In the spring, Leibfarth will compete in the Olympic team trails. If she wins, she will represent the United States in both the slalom kayak and slalom canoe events during the 2020 Olympics.   Leibfarth says she plans to train and compete in canoe slalom for a long time. While her current focus is on Tokyo, she already has her sights set on competing in the 2028 Olympics, which will be held in the U.S.A. last_img read more

Credit union solutions: Best practices in branch transformation

first_imgThe most successful national and international branch transformations represent deep self–analysis throughout every aspect of a financial institution, and then the building of new business models and brand experiences that do more than just save money. These new business models measurably improve financial and brand performance that drives an increase in target market engagement, as well as bottom-line returns.To get more perspective on branch transformation, I recently talked with David Cavell, a retail banking delivery channel consultant, and a fellow of The Chartered Institute of Bankers.Cavell has extensive international experience developing, directing and supporting banks’ delivery strategies. He recently wrote the book, Branch Banking II – Case Studies for the Next Generation. Eighteen financial institutions are presented as best case examples of branch transformation; two of them are credit unions: $18 billion Vancity Credit Union in Vancouver, B.C., Canada and Numerica Credit Union in Spokane, Wash. Here is a transcript of our conversation. continue reading » 2SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblrlast_img read more

North to get new ‘Stockley Park’

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UK Property Entrepreneur

first_imgWould you like to read more?Register for free to finish this article.Sign up now for the following benefits:Four FREE articles of your choice per monthBreaking news, comment and analysis from industry experts as it happensChoose from our portfolio of email newsletters To access this article REGISTER NOWWould you like print copies, app and digital replica access too? SUBSCRIBE for as little as £5 per week.last_img

Shkodran Mustafi drops a cryptic hint over his Arsenal future on Instagram amid transfer speculation

first_imgShkodran Mustafi drops a cryptic hint over his Arsenal future on Instagram amid transfer speculation Advertisement Advertisement Comment Shkodran Mustafi is back at Arsenal for pre-season training (Picture: Getty)Throughout his time in England, Mustafi has been criticised by supporters for his performances and the pressure was piled on him after he was at fault for all three of Crystal Palace’s goals during their shock 3-2 win over Arsenal in April.More: FootballRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starChelsea defender Fikayo Tomori reveals why he made U-turn over transfer deadline day moveMikel Arteta rates Thomas Partey’s chances of making his Arsenal debut vs Man CityDespite being made available for transfer, though, Mustafi insisted in May that he would be remaining with Arsenal next season, telling Kicker: ‘It is odd that there are always transfer speculations. I am an Arsenal player and have a contract until 2021.’Mustafi isn’t the only Arsenal player dropping subtle hints over his future on Instagram after Alexandre Lacazette posted a picture of himself at the club’s training ground on Saturday with the location set to ‘My Home’ following reports he could join Atletico Madrid.More: Arsenal FCArsenal flop Denis Suarez delivers verdict on Thomas Partey and Lucas Torreira movesThomas Partey debut? Ian Wright picks his Arsenal starting XI vs Manchester CityArsene Wenger explains why Mikel Arteta is ‘lucky’ to be managing Arsenalcenter_img Metro Sport ReporterSunday 7 Jul 2019 10:11 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link429Shares Shkodran Mustafi could leave Arsenal this summer (Picture: Getty)Shkodran Mustafi has dropped a hint that he could be on the move this summer after removing ‘Player for Arsenal’ in his Instagram bio.The 27-year-old is available for transfer following a string of high-profile gaffes and despite featuring regularly last season, Unai Emery has reportedly informed the Arsenal board to get rid of the defender.Although Arsenal are keen to offload Mustafi and get his reported £90,000 weekly pay off their wage bill, there is yet to be any concrete interest in the Germany international who cost the club £35m from Valencia in 2016.Nevertheless, Mustafi’s recent Instagram activity suggests a move might well happen. Not only did Mustafi change his bio, he also updated his profile picture removing one of him wearing an Arsenal shirt.ADVERTISEMENT📱| #AFCShkodran Mustafi has just removed his Arsenal profile picture and removed “Player for Arsenal” from his Instagram bio. 🤔IG: [ShkodranMustafi]— afcSource™ (@afcSource) July 6, 2019 AdvertisementAdvertisementFollowing Arsenal’s failure to qualify for the Champions League for the third year running, Emery has been forced to work with a reduced transfer budget this summer, reportedly between just £40-45m and in order to boost that figure, he’ll have to sell players.Mustafi is one of the players that Arsenal are particularly keen to get rid of, however, the 2014 World Cup winner could have a shortage of takers following three error-strewn seasons in north London.last_img read more