Make a comment Herbeauty15 Countries Where Men Have Difficulties Finding A WifeHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyHow To Lose Weight & Burn Fat While You SleepHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty9 Of The Best Family Friendly Dog BreedsHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty11 Ayurveda Heath Secrets From Ancient IndiaHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyBohemian Summer: How To Wear The Boho Trend RightHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty5 Things To Avoid If You Want To Have Whiter TeethHerbeautyHerbeauty Business News Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Community News Top of the News Subscribe 8 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website Restaurant Cover Column 1 Daily Shavies at Burrito Express The heat is on, but Burrito Express is bringing the cool back daily with Shavies By FRANZ A.D. MORALES Published on Monday, May 20, 2013 | 11:48 am More Cool Stuff There are some daily rituals that only apply to certain seasons. This Summer, why not add daily Shavies to your Summer ritual?Starting June 1, Burrito Express will be selling its cool concoctions everyday, so there’s no need to wait for Friday or Saturday to get your dose of Shavies.[smooth=id:151;]The month of May saw the annual return of Shavies, though it was only offered during Fridays 5:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. and Saturdays from 12:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.This June til the end of Summer, however, Shavies will be a daily delight from 5:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. on weekdays, and from 12:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. on Saturdays.For those not yet enlightened by the miracle of Shavies, Burrito Express owner Wil Orozco explains, â€œWell, we take a block of ice and shave it to a soft snow consistency that just melts in your mouth,â€ says Orozco.â€œThereâ€™s ice cream at the bottom and we have 23 syrup flavors to pour onto the ice. Top it off with one of our toppings and you have an amazing treat,â€ he adds.Shavies come in 23 flavors, â€œthree of which are sugar-freeâ€ says Orozco.But unlike some other flavored shaved ice vendors, â€œwhat we do is we put ice cream at the bottom of the shaved ice. We put that at the bottom of the cup and then shaved ice on top and then we put the flavored syrup on the ice itself,â€ says Orozco.There are four ice cream flavors available â€“ coconut pineapple, vanilla, strawberry and chocolate â€“ and together with the 23 flavors of syrup, the flavor possibilities are endless.Customers can then choose to top it all off with sour powder or sweetened condensed milk.If mixing and matching is not your thing, Burrito Express also has set Shavie flavors such as Naniâ€™s Revenge and Root Beer Float for your convenience.To view the latest of Burritto Express Shavie menu, please clickÂ Shavie Menu 2013.Burrito Express is located on the corner of Washington Blvd and Sierra Bonita Ave., at 1597 E. Washington Blvd., in north Pasadena. To find out more about Burrito Express, visit www.burritoexpresspasadena.com, or you can call (626) 798-0844. Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS First Heatwave Expected Next Week Community News faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena
Increasing responsibility for T&D rests with line managers, but how much time do they put into it and how effective is their involvement? Sue Clark asks a cross-section of organisations for their experiencesGary MilesProgramme directorRoffey Park Management InstituteOur survey of 180 line managers and team members in 1999 showed that the majority recognise development as an effective way to improve performance, increase motivation or bring about change.The key types of development interventions most commonly used are coaching, feedback, counselling, on-the-job training, mentoring, help with the selection of courses, work shadowing and arranging visits to other organisations.However, the survey revealed that nearly 30 per cent of line managers spend less than eight hours a month developing others, while 47 per cent spend between eight and 16 hours on development.Time was cited as a major barrier to effective coaching and development, while feedback was hampered if the culture in the organisation did not encourage openness.There was also a mixed response to the idea of reward for developing people. Some see developing others as a normal part of their job while others believe they should get a financial reward linked to team performance.Evaluating the development of others also appears to be a significant challenge and line managers clearly need more help with this.Glenda MartinTraining and development managerBoots the Chemist, IrelandI’m not surprised by the figures from Roffey Park, but you have to focus on the other aspects of development beyond the recognised training and development that goes on between the individual and his or her line manager.At Boots development is one of the key elements of their job, but it is often done indirectly, for example by facilitating learning through buddy systems where individuals meet with their peers and share information. The line managers will set these groups up and monitor them but they won’t actually take part.More directly, line managers provide coaching and leadership, and they cascade learning down.They are also part of projects and working parties where groups will co-operate to achieve a goal. Development activities are sandwiched between pre and post briefings that focus on how to transfer any learning back into the work place.Their role in training and development is crucial to the organisation.Chris JefferiesHead of trainingFirst QuenchThere is a danger where a training and development function exists within an organisation that line managers, consciously or not, will not view T&D as part of their job, especially when they have other priorities.We emphasise the role of our line managers’ involvement in development by equipping them with coaching skills. Then we have a process whereby the line managers become self-sufficient. They identify any training need and then solve it from their own resources.An individual from the team will provide the expertise to develop others, the T&D function equips them with the skills.For example we have been running a cascade programme where an evangelist or coach is chosen from each training event to pass on the skills to the next group. It started at board level and is working its way to our 20,000 staff who are based at 2,500 retail units around the UK.It is a bit of a trade off, a compromise on quality. But we need to deliver a great deal to many people rather than a little to a few.Training in our organisation is like fishing: we teach our people how to do it, rather than give them the fish.Mike SpillerGroup personnel and training directorGranada Food ServicesLine managers play an important role in training and development within our organisation as we believe it is the most effective way to improve performance and motivation. It is sufficiently important to be included in the job descriptions of all line managers.Professional trainers instruct managers on how to train, and they have developed modules and materials which enable the line managers to conduct the training with their teams.And as we promote training as a line responsibility, our trainers report to the managing directors, thereby ensuring the training of line managers and that of their teams is focused on the needs of the business, individuals and teams.We also encourage line managers’ own development using internal and external sources.If a line manager is being developed then it is more likely they will be encouraged to develop their own staff.However, training only becomes really effective when it is owned by line managers and is linked to business, individual and group needs.Kirsten BarclayHuman resources managerWelsh Development AgencyMany training and development experts believe that individual training needs are best identified jointly by the line manager and individual team member.But if the individual and manager are best placed to identify individual training needs, does it necessarily follow that they are best placed to identify the most appropriate means of addressing the need?Managers and their teams are often not aware of the different ways that learning can occur and inevitably fall back upon the trainer-led course, neglecting other learning methodologies such as project work, CBT, professional networks, even the precursor of much CBT – directed reading!Nonetheless, devolving HR to the line means that managers increasingly have a role in identifying and addressing training needs in their teams.The inevitable next step is devolving some if not all of the training budget to line managers for their local level training.Ideally managers will then have an explicit objective in their annual appraisal – developing team members. In line for feedbackOn 1 Feb 2000 in Personnel Today Related posts:No related photos. Comments are closed. Previous Article Next Article
A gender segregated talk on Monday caused concern among Oxford students.The talk, entitled ‘Quran and Sunnah: The Final Revelation’ was held at the City Council-owned Asian Cultural centre. A poster circulated online read “Men and Women welcome – Fully Segregated”.The talk was advertised online by the Interesting Talks in Oxford Facebook page. However, the advert caused concern among visitors to the Facebook group because of the planned gender segregation of the event. Subsequently, the original poster withdrew the advert from the Facebook page. The Interesting Talks Oxford website is run by eight volunteers, six of whom are Oxford students. An ITO spokesperson said, “ITO does not condone or condemn the talks it lists on its website and calendar, but recognises that the content or arrangements of some talks may cause upset. We feel that it is important that all talks are listed so long as the information they provide is accurate and clear.”DaruTawheed, a group which organises lectures and prayer groups for the Muslim community in Oxford, arranged the talk. A DaruTawheed spokesperson told Cherwell “The majority of our attendees feel that it is necessary to segregate between sexes because mixing between men and women is prohibited by Islamic legislation…due to our religious beliefs we won’t be able to offer this or offer partial segregation either.”Earlier this year, a UCL society caused controversy by enforcing gender segregation during an “Islam or Atheism” debate. The Islamic group was subsequently banned by UCL’s governing body.DaruTawheed is not a university-affiliated group, and the event did not take place on university premises.Chiara Giovanni, a Magdalen student, commented, “I think it’s appropriate if everyone attending is absolutely fine with it, but I think as it’s not a prayer meeting but a seminar, full segregation is unnecessary.”“Another key factor is how the segregation was enforced: side by side is fine, but relegating women to the back smacks very strongly of a gender hierarchy. As this is a rather niche event, I doubt the segregation will cause any problems and whether or not such division should be a factor of a social event at all is another question entirely”.
Roberts Bakery, the Cheshire-based firm, teamed up with Kerrygold to educate local schools for Breakfast Week.Organised to support the Shake Up Your Wake Up initiative, part of Breakfast Week, Roberts and Kerrygold spoke to 500 Staffordshire youngsters at Seabridge Primary School in Newcastle-under-Lyme about how to start the day right.The event aimed to teach children about how to put a tasty yet healthy breakfast together using good, basic ingredients. The pupils enjoyed buttered toast with a variety of healthy toppings including honey and banana, as well as fresh fruit, yoghurt and juice.Studies from the Agriculture & Horticulture Development Board (AHDB) Cereals and Oilseeds have shown that eating breakfast can give you more energy, improve concentration and enhance mood. Dietary fibre found in complex carbohydrate foods, such as bread, also means that food is digested more slowly so children stay fuller for longer.Alison Palmer, marketing manager for Roberts Bakery, said: “By making it fun and giving youngsters the chance to be creative, we are helping to educate them and their families on the role of bread in a healthy diet and as a way of keeping energy levels up and achieving goals in school.”
Comments being taken on federal court rules The Judicial Conference of the U.S. Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure is seeking comment on the preliminary draft of proposed amendments to the Federal Rules of Appellate, Bankruptcy, Civil, and Criminal Procedure.The text of the proposed amendments can be found at www.uscourts.gov/rules. Comments being taken on federal court rules November 15, 2005 Regular News
Topics : “Our sources and investigation show that the group recently announced on social media to set up an organization that advocates Hong Kong independence,” Li Kwai-wah, an officer from a new national security unit within the Hong Kong police told reporters. He added that computers, phones and documents were seized by officers and that all those arrested were students.Student Localism, a group that used to advocate independence, said in a statement that its former leader Tony Chung, 19, was among those arrested.Two other former members were identified by local politicians and media. Last month, Student Localism announced it had disbanded as Beijing enacted its national security law, which outlaws secession, subversion, terrorism and colluding with foreign forces.It dismissed all its members and said only its overseas chapters would continue to operate.However, Li said overseas activity could still be prosecuted. “If anyone who tells others that he advocates violating the national security law from abroad, even he does that from overseas, we have the jurisdiction to investigate these kind of cases,” he told reporters. ‘Draconian law’ The security law has sent a chill through Hong Kong, a semi-autonomous city supposedly guaranteed 50 years of freedoms and autonomy from Beijing under a “One Country, Two Systems” arrangement agreed ahead of the 1997 handover from Britain.Last year the city was rocked by seven straight months of huge and often violent pro-democracy protests. Beijing says the national security law is needed to end unrest, restore stability and will not impact political freedoms. Critics, including many western nations, say it has demolished the “One Country, Two Systems” model.”The gross misuse of this draconian law makes clear that the aim is to silence dissent, not protect national security,” Sophie Richardson, China director for Human Rights Watch, said after the latest arrests.The law bypassed Hong Kong’s legislature and its details were kept secret until the moment it was enacted. Overnight certain political views became outlawed, such as advocating independence or greater autonomy.The first arrests after the law was enacted were made against people who possessed pro-independence flags.Wednesday night’s arrests were made by Hong Kong’s police force. However, the new law also empowers China’s security agents to operate openly in the city for the first time.China has also said it will have jurisdiction for especially serious cases and has also claimed it can prosecute anyone anywhere in the world for national security crimes.Those powers topple the legal firewall that has existed since the handover between Hong Kong’s independent judiciary and the Chinese mainland’s party-controlled courts. China routinely uses similar national security laws to crush dissent on the mainland.At least 15 people have now been arrested under the new law since it was enacted on June 30. Four Hong Kong students involved in a recently disbanded pro-independence group were arrested by police on Wednesday under a controversial new national security law, officers and members of the group said.The arrests are the first to target public political figures since the sweeping legislation was imposed on the city by Beijing late last month.Police said three men and one woman aged between 16 and 21 were arrested on suspicion of organizing and inciting secession. ‘Draconian law’ The security law has sent a chill through Hong Kong, a semi-autonomous city supposedly guaranteed 50 years of freedoms and autonomy from Beijing under a “One Country, Two Systems” arrangement agreed ahead of the 1997 handover from Britain.Last year the city was rocked by seven straight months of huge and often violent pro-democracy protests. Beijing says the national security law is needed to end unrest, restore stability and will not impact political freedoms. Critics, including many western nations, say it has demolished the “One Country, Two Systems” model.”The gross misuse of this draconian law makes clear that the aim is to silence dissent, not protect national security,” Sophie Richardson, China director for Human Rights Watch, said after the latest arrests.The law bypassed Hong Kong’s legislature and its details were kept secret until the moment it was enacted. Overnight certain political views became outlawed, such as advocating independence or greater autonomy.The first arrests after the law was enacted were made against people who possessed pro-independence flags.Wednesday night’s arrests were made by Hong Kong’s police force. However, the new law also empowers China’s security agents to operate openly in the city for the first time.China has also said it will have jurisdiction for especially serious cases and has also claimed it can prosecute anyone anywhere in the world for national security crimes.Those powers topple the legal firewall that has existed since the handover between Hong Kong’s independent judiciary and the Chinese mainland’s party-controlled courts. China routinely uses similar national security laws to crush dissent on the mainland.At least 15 people have now been arrested under the new law since it was enacted on June 30. Four Hong Kong students involved in a recently disbanded pro-independence group were arrested by police on Wednesday under a controversial new national security law, officers and members of the group said.The arrests are the first to target public political figures since the sweeping legislation was imposed on the city by Beijing late last month.Police said three men and one woman aged between 16 and 21 were arrested on suspicion of organizing and inciting secession.”Our sources and investigation show that the group recently announced on social media to set up an organization that advocates Hong Kong independence,” Li Kwai-wah, an officer from a new national security unit within the Hong Kong police told reporters. He added that computers, phones and documents were seized by officers and that all those arrested were students.Student Localism, a group that used to advocate independence, said in a statement that its former leader Tony Chung, 19, was among those arrested.Two other former members were identified by local politicians and media.Last month, Student Localism announced it had disbanded as Beijing enacted its national security law, which outlaws secession, subversion, terrorism and colluding with foreign forces.It dismissed all its members and said only its overseas chapters would continue to operate.However, Li said overseas activity could still be prosecuted. “If anyone who tells others that he advocates violating the national security law from abroad, even he does that from overseas, we have the jurisdiction to investigate these kind of cases,” he told reporters.
Craig and Catherine Gillett and their son, Chester, at the Queenslander home they are selling in Grange. Picture: Annette Dew.YOUNG buyers are desperate to get one, families are willing to pay a premium for them and interstate migrants will do anything to keep them off the market.The traditional Queenslander-style home remains as popular as ever, with buyers scrambling to get their hands on a renovator’s delight, a renovated icon or a replica of the real thing. With State of Origin kicking off next week, Queenslanders have never been prouder of their state’s namesake homes.The detached, highset houses have become iconic, but nowadays, while the design elements maintain the Queenslander’s traditional beginnings, the modern style of home has evolved into strikingly fresh offerings across Brisbane.Many owners, recent buyers and looming vendors are calling on architects and construction companies to either renovate their Queenslander to bring it into the modern day — or replace it with a new one.Take Queensland Maroon and Brisbane Bronco NRL star Darius Boyd, who went with the modern Queenslander look when knocking down and rebuilding his Hendra home, which he has now listed for sale. He called in Graya Construction and Base Architecture to design and build the home, which is being marketed through McGrath.Boyd paid $810,000 for the original post-war timber home in 2016, which has four bedrooms, two bathrooms, and a living area that opens to an outdoor kitchen and entertaining area overlooking the swimming pool. Darius and Kayla Boyd’s home at 78 Harding St, Hendra, which is for sale. Picture: Instagram.Graya Construction is one builder specialising in creating a modern take on the old Queenslander.Brothers Rob and Andrew Gray recently rebuilt two neighbouring Queenslanders on Rockbourne Terrace in Paddington, and listed both at the same time late last year. There was strong interest in the former 1920s cottage, named Rhondda, which sold for $3 million last year after its transformation — highlighting the continuing strong market for Queenslanders and their characteristics.“We often get asked to restore or rebuild Queenslanders,” Andrew Gray said. “We feel this is a popular option for many families as it maintains the character and charm of the original house but still includes the modern amenities you would expect from a new build. “We tend to build in areas with character overlays, so generally we have to maintain the home’s original appearance from the street. “This gives certain suburbs, or pockets, a charm that has become increasingly popular in recent times.” This Queenslander at 12 Inglis St, Grange, is for sale.Mrs Gillett said they were careful to maintain the character of the original home, while making it more modern and practical.“We tried to keep it as original as possible — even putting gable ends on the new roof,” Mrs Gillett said.“I’m originally from the UK, so we have a lot of lovely old houses there and when I moved to Australia, I thought these are just beautiful old houses.“I just loved the detail in the timber, the high ceilings, the beautiful ceiling roses.”Marketing agent Simone Weigall of Place – New Farm said buyers were prepared to pay a premium for a renovated Queenslander in Brisbane’s inner-city.Ms Weigall said many of her clients wanted Queenslander homes with traditional charm, but all the modern conveniences.In Hamilton, Ray White Ascot’s Damon Warat is selling a Hamptons-style Queenslander at 101 Hillside Crescent.Renovating the five-bedroom, four-bathroom house was a labour of love for its current owners. Mr Warat said there was strong demand for Queenslander homes that were either completely renovated or in their raw, original state.“The market we deal in — especially families — love Queenslander style homes,” Mr Warat said. “They’ve got a lot of natural light, character features, good entertaining spaces and are open, airy properties. “Given they’re timber, it allows them to be modernised or renovated in a very easy process.” The property at 29 Rockbourne Tce, Paddington.Housing history researcher Magnus Eriksson, who tracks the history of houses in southeast Queensland, said the quintessential Queenslander home was a rare breed.“If WWF (World Wildlife Fund) was doing a survey, it would probably put it on the most-threatened list,” Mr Eriksson told the Courier-Mail. “I would certainly say they’re disappearing and not being replaced.”Mr Eriksson said true Queenslander homes were characterised as having a lightweight timber construction, a corrugated metal roof and a highset frame.The style was developed in the 1800s and began to change in the 1930s.“That highset style started disappearing and more of a modern style came in,” Mr Eriksson said.“There are a few replicas going up, but there’s not too many of them. Only a few are built in the true form.”But it does not seem to be deterring buyers, with many prepared to pay a premium for a quality replica, with all the charm of an original but without the upkeep.Catherine and Craig Gillett are selling their Queenslander home in Grange after lovingly renovating it.The house at 12 Inglis Street was originally a two-bedroom Ashgrovian Queenslander cottage, but the Gilletts have extended the property to accommodate six bedrooms and three bathrooms.More from newsParks and wildlife the new lust-haves post coronavirus12 hours agoNoosa’s best beachfront penthouse is about to hit the market12 hours ago This Queenslander at 101 Hillside Cres, Hamilton, is for sale.Even recycled and relocatable Queenslanders are proving hot property, and often come at a fraction of the price.Brisbane house removal specialists Mackay and Sons not only relocates houses, it salvages them, and sells them to buyers looking for a bargain.One character Queenslander currently located in the Gold Coast Hinterland on what was once a grape vineyard and cattle farm is listed for $85,000, which includes relocation, low set stumping, any damage to plaster work and structural insurance during delivery. This three-bedroom Queenslander home is listed for $85,000 through house removal company, Mackay and Sons.Kevin Wright of Queensland House Removals said his firm was moving about two houses a week off development sites in Brisbane at an average cost of $60,000 a house to new owners who also pay about $40,000 for council and other approvals, utility connections and finishes in the new site.WHAT MAKES A TRUE QUEENSLANDER?● Timber frame● Corrugated iron roof● High set● Internal walls of VJ boards● External weatherboard walls● Timber-framed windows● High ceilings● Veranda Andrew and Rob Gray at 29 Rockbourne Tce, Paddington, which sold for $2.99m. Image: AAP/Claudia Baxter.
A little Co Donegal boy is getting ready to have a make-or-break pioneering operation to help him walk for the first time.Paul gets a good night’s sleep in America ahead of his operation.Little Paul Doherty, 5, will have surgery on Tuesday in the US to help him walk for the very first time.Paul a born with spastic quadriplegic cerebral palsy which left him in a wheelchair. But his mother Ann-Marie never gave up hope of him walking one day.While the operation does not guarantee the five year old Killygordon lad will take his first steps, his mum is determined he gets a chance.In recent months Ann-Marie has undertaken to raise the €60,000 needed for the operation in America.Paul and his family arrived in St Louis, Missouri at the weekend in a snowstorm but nothing was going to stop the family from giving Paul the chance to walk. The American public have really taken to Paul and his bright red hair and now he has even asked his mum if he can have some hair gel.Anne Marie even managed to meet with another Irish family who had the same operation three weeks ago.The Doherty family have a pre-operation appointment tomorrow to see if all systems are go for the major operation.Anne Marie previously told Donegal Daily “Since Paul could talk he always told me “Mammy, I want to walk”. It broke my heart to see him stuck in a wheelchair not been able to run about with his brother and sister or even to be able to pick up a toy from the floor that he wanted to play with.“Paul is a happy boy, playful and full of devilment! As his mother, I always fought to get him the services and therapies he needed. While the HSE gave Paul what they could they could never offer him the opportunity to be able to walk. “Then I came across an operation in America called Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy (SDR). The operation involves cutting some of the nerves in Paul’s spinal cord that are misfiring the muscles in his leg.”The people of his native Donegal really got behind Paul’s fundraising campaign and even more is needed now after the operation for an intense 2 year post operative physiotherapy program.Even singer Daniel O’Donnell interrupted his Christmas holidays to put on a special fundraising concert after hearing of Paul’s plight.Anne-Marie said she is really nervous for her son but knows that he’s a battler. “He has been through a lot in his young life but he always has a smile on his face. We are due a pre-appointment with the hospital and we are just praying the everything goes okay.“We’ve come a long way and we couldn’t have got here without the help and support of the people of Donegal and across Ireland,” said Anne Marie.BRAVE PAUL GETS READY FOR THE FIGHT OF HIS LIFE AS OPERATION DRAWS CLOSER was last modified: March 1st, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:donegaloperationpaul dohertyUSWALK
Weighing the impact of solarCrows plans to install a photovoltaic system that would generate about 11,600 kWh of electricity per year. Her original idea was to use this power to offset the electricity used by the baseboard heaters. If she uses the calculations provided by Dorsett, that would be only about 11% of total consumption, but other improvements she intends to make in the building should improve the efficiency of the building significantly.As to the potential benefits of off-peak electric rates, that doesn’t look very promising.Detroit’s maximum electric rate is 13.24 cents per kWh, which includes the distribution charge, Crows says, while time-of-day rates is almost 11 cents per kWh, and that plan is not universally available. She could get nearly the same rate by converting the building to a commercial account, which means running all of the apartments through a central meter.Before doing anything, Dorsett suggests, hire a pro to run heat load calculations.“It is worth paying someone (a professional engineer or RESNET rating firm) to run the heat load calculations on a room-by-room basis, which would probably pay for itself up-front in reduced equipment costs, even if you’re using inexpensive cove heaters to heat the place,” he says. “Without the load numbers it’s very easy to oversize by 3x “just to be sure”, which increases the minimum size of the power service to the building necessary, and the total amount of heater installed. The load calculations would likely cost somewhere between $1-2K.” RELATED ARTICLES Mount baseboard heaters as designedElectric baseboard heaters work by convection. The element heats the air around it, causing it to rise out of the top of the metal housing. That, in turn, draws more air in at the bottom of the housing. These heaters should be installed near the floor, as designed, says GBA senior editor Martin Holladay.“Temperature stratification is a real problem in many buildings, and you can make a temperature stratification problem worse by mounting your electric heaters near the ceiling,” Holladay writes.“I don’t advocate using ceiling fans to try to reduce temperature stratification in winter,” he continues, “even when the rotational direction of the fan is reversed, for at least three reasons: (1) Fans use energy, raising your electric bill, (2) Moving air will make your skin feel cooler, causing you to turn up the thermostat, thereby raising your electric bill still more, and (3) Researchers who have looked into the issue haven’t been able to find any benefits — either energy-saving benefits or comfort benefits — to the practice of operating a ceiling fan during the winter.”Malcolm Taylor has another reason why baseboard heaters are mounted at floor level: many of them aren’t painted on the underside, and the electrical connections would be visible. The arrangement, he says, “would look odd.” Green Basics: Green Heating OptionsUsing Ceiling Fans To Keep Cool Without ACHow To Buy a Ductless MinisplitRules of Thumb for Ductless Minisplits Writing from Detroit, a Climate Zone 6 locale, Marlena Crows poses this question: Must electric baseboard heaters necessarily be installed at floor level, or can they be mounted higher on the wall and get an assist for heat distribution from a ceiling fan?Crows owns a 20-unit apartment building and is planning to convert to electric baseboard heaters as she prepares for the installation of a photovoltaic system in another year. Apartments are small, in the range of 200 to 400 square feet, and strips of baseboard heat mounted at floor level, as they normally are, might get in the way of furniture.She has noticed that air handlers for minisplit heat pumps are mounted near the ceiling, so why not the same approach with baseboard resistance heat, particularly when each room will have its own ceiling fan.“I am wondering if anyone has a definitive reason why this would not work, or perhaps, why it should work just fine,” Crows says in Q&A post at Green Building Advisor. “My reasoning is to avoid blockage from furniture, as these are small units with few options for furniture placement, and I do not want to further limit that or reduce efficiency with flow problems.” Cove heaters are mounted on the wallAn option Crows might consider, Charlie Sullivan says, are cove heaters, wall-mounted electric heaters that are designed for installation well off the floor. Cove heaters deliver more of their heat by radiation, and less by convection, when compared to baseboard heaters, he says, and they would provide more comfort at a lower room temperature.Holladay doesn’t doubt that cove heaters could be used to meet the primary space-heating load of the building, as long as Crows keeps one basic in mind: electricity is an expensive fuel, so the building should have a good thermal envelope to keep operating costs under control.But there’s another issue to consider with cove heaters — not everyone will appreciate the way they look.“Cove heaters look fine to some people; to others, they look odd,” Holladay says. “A good installation can be fairly unobtrusive, but some installations look like they belong in a garage or warehouse.”Crows had remarked that ductless minisplit heads are typically mounted high on a wall, and they apparently work just fine. That’s because they were designed for this location, originally as air conditioners and later as combined heaters and air conditioners, Holladay points out, and unlike electric baseboard heaters, these units have fans.“Minisplit manufacturers design their indoor units so that the air flow has good ‘throw’ characteristics and tends to mix well with indoor air,” he says. “The vanes are adjustable, and different modes can be used to change the way the air is propelled. By all accounts, these design efforts work — these units produce high levels of comfort and user satisfaction during the heating season.”Packaged terminal heat pumps (PTHPs), the type of combined heating and cooling unit typically found in hotel rooms, is another possibility. But they, too, have an aesthetics problem. Crows, in fact, finds PTHPs “aesthetically repugnant.” Our expert’s opinionHere’s what GBA technical director Peter Yost had to add:There are a bunch of key questions packed into this one, so while they are all related, I am going to address one at a time. [Photo credit: Dayton.](1) Fans are great for thermal comfort cooling, not so much for distribution or mixing — even large ceiling fans. In my experience, efficient ceiling fans work really well in providing cooling relief for those in the direct path of the fan as it is rotating to pull air off the ceiling and project it down to occupants.A ceiling fan run in reverse — to create general air flow and mixing — has never worked for me. Maybe that’s because all of the ceiling fans I have used over the years are mounted pretty close to the ceiling, and the geometry just does not support moving air effectively up against a plane that close to the blades.If your goal is to efficiently and effectively deliver and distribute conditioned air (heating or cooling air), then you need a blower and ducts.(2) The better the thermal performance of your building enclosure, the less stratification you get and the less active distribution you need. The need for perimeter supply — ideally, down low for heating and up high for cooling — is mostly to address lousy building enclosure performance. High-performance enclosures mean that you need less delivered space conditioning capacity and less critical delivery for room-wide thermal comfort.(3) Anticipating or arguing the aesthetic contribution of different delivery systems is a thankless and fruitless effort. There are as many aesthetic preferences as there are options: floor registers, ceiling cove, ceiling panels, minisplit wall heads, baseboard units. Some folks think that minisplit wall heads are hideous; others look right past them. The same is true for just about any deliver system you can think of. [Photo credit: Ducoterra.](4) Functionally, radiant ceiling delivery of heat makes the most sense to me. There is nothing more up and out of the way than a ceiling and if the primary heat transfer is radiant, then “viewing” angles (the geometric relationship between panels and occupants) from the ceiling rule the day.For me, it’s hard to beat the unobtrusiveness of surface-mounted units like the SolaRay panels manufactured by Ducoterra (see photo at right) — but then again, see number 3 above.Finally, I’d like to introduce a caveat on the way we name and think of heating delivery.The names we use — convective baseboard, radiant floor heating, radiant ceiling, etc. — imply that just one type of heat transfer prevails. But since thermal comfort is primarily an equal mix of air temperature and mean radiant temperature (MRT), and no one type of heat transfer happens in isolation, eventually any heating system works to equalize the air temperature and MRT.This means that convective delivery raises air temperature first but ultimately leads to equalized surface temperatures, and radiant delivery raises surface temperatures first but ultimately leads to equalized air temperatures. The advantages of each system are more related to the ability to zone and setback strategies than any inherent system efficiency or thermal comfort at equilibrium. That’s the topic for this Q&A Spotlight. Considering the minisplit optionMinisplit heat pumps are more expensive than electric baseboard heaters, but they provide both heating and cooling and they use much less electricity. So why not consider them?Mainly, Crows replies, their expense. The cost of providing them for 20 apartments in the building would be “astounding.”“I used them on another project in 2007, when they were still $350-$500, but now they are running 1.5 times that or more, especially for ones that can go to 5°F.” Crows says. “Plus, this is a multi-level, and so I would have to figure out a way to mount the compressor to the building for the 1st floor, which is too far from the roof, I think, and would likely run afoul of historic preservation people. The first floor is not on the ground, but even if so, ground mounting is a risky venture in Detroit for the likelihood of theft.”Dorsett, however, points to much lower operating costs for a heat pump than either a PTHP or baseboard heat. He offers this analysis:Assuming an older building with double-brick wall construction and no insulation in the exterior walls, a 6,000-square-foot building in Detroit could easily have a design heat load of 150,000 Btu per hour. With a retail cost of electricity at roughly 15 cents per kilowatt hour, electric baseboard heat would cost $15,840 a year, with PTHPs about $7,920 a year. Reasonably sized ductless minisplits would cost less than $5,000 per year to operate.“If you’re paying the power bills, not the tenant, the $10K+ per year difference in heating costs might be compelling enough to invest in better class heat pumps,” Dorsett says. “But if you can get off-peak power at 6 cents or something, maybe not, since most of the heating power use will fall into (or could be made to fall within) off-peak rates.”
Twitter and Facebook lit up in a World Cup frenzy this week as millions of people around the world took to social media to share in the ups and downs of the matches.Defending champion Spain’s stunning elimination Wednesday after a 2-0 defeat to Chile generated a lot of buzz, though not as much as the Cup’s opening match between Brazil and Croatia.Google, meanwhile, tracked more than 641 million World Cup-related searches. In the week leading up the U.S. team’s game against Ghana on Monday, there were 10 times more searches for the World Cup in the U.S. than for the NBA Finals, which were in progress at the time.Here’s a look at how the World Cup fared online this week:TWEET DELUGEThere were 4.9 million tweets sent out Monday during the U.S. team’s match against Ghana. That compared with 12.2 million during the opening game last week between Brazil and Croatia, the most tweeted-about match so far. In comparison, there were 19.1 million tweets sent about this year’s Oscars, but that was within a 12-hour window surrounding the award show. All 32 participating World Cup teams have Twitter accounts – latecomer Iran joined just in time last week as @TeamMeliIran.THE LITTLE GUYNotice anything different on Google Maps this week? Look a little closer. That’s right, the little yellow guy that guides users through the Street View feature (“Pegman,” as he’s called), has been dressed up in black shorts and a white T-shirt and is holding a soccer ball. While you’re at it, you can also look inside all the World Cup stadiums using Street View.advertisementWHO’S TALKING ON FACEBOOK?Watching the U.S. beat Ghana on Monday, men aged 25 to 34 were posting about the match the most, followed by men ages 18 to 24, then men 35-44. Women between 25 and 34 came next. As for countries, the top 5 countries with the most posts were, in order, the U.S., Brazil, Indonesia, Thailand and England. In all, 10 million people generated 15 million “interactions” on Facebook, which include posts, comments, likes and shares.Why Thailand, you ask, considering it’s not in the tournament? The country’s military junta, in an effort to “return happiness to the people,” negotiated a deal with the tournament’s broadcaster to allow all the games to be shown for free. Previously, the broadcaster had only planned to show 22 of the 64 matches for free.GOALS ON GOOGLE?Google is sharing some World Cup stats that look at what people are searching for during the matches. In anticipation of Saturday’s Germany vs. Ghana game, for example people in Germany were searching for Ghana player Kevin Prince Boateng 20 percent more than for his brother Jerome Boateng – even though the Jerome plays for Germany.Germans were also searching for caipirinhas more often than people in Brazil, perhaps because Brazilians already know how to concoct their national cocktail, made from cachaca, sugar and lime. In Brazil, which tied with Mexico on Tuesday, searches for a Mexican TV character called the Crimson Grasshopper soared after Mexico fans dressed as “El Chapulin Colorado” to support their team.